高考英语语法:不完全倒装

高考英语语法:不完全倒装

将谓语的一部分(即情态动词、系动词或助动词)提到主语前的称为部分倒装

如句中没有情态动词、助动词或系动词,谓语只是一个实义动词,要在主语前加助动词do,does或did,主语后的实义动词用原形。常见的有:

(1) 含有否定意义的词never,seldom,little.hardly,not,scarcely,nowhere,by no means(决不)等置于句首时。
①Never have I seen such a man.  我从来没有见过这样的人。
②Not until yesterday did we know that he had died of cancer.  直到昨天我们才知道他死于癌症。

(2)以only修饰的副词、介词短语或从句放在句首时。
①Only then did I realize that I was wrong.  只是到那时我才意识到我错了。
②Only in this way can you improve your English.   只有这样你才能提高英语水平。
③Only when he is free does he come to see me.   只有当他空闲时才来看我。
  注意:only 修饰状语从句放在句首时,只能倒装主句部分。

(3)当so置于句首意为“也如此”,neither,nor置于句首意为“也不”时。
①They all finished the work. So did I.  他们都完成了工作,我也完成了。
②We have never been abroad,neither has she.  我们从来未去过国外,她也没去过。
当so表示对前句内容的肯定和附和,译作“确实,正是”时,用自然语序。
  一The students work very hard.学生们学习努力。

  一So they do.他们确实是这样。


(4)当not only…but also, so/such…that, not… until, no sooner… than, hardly… when等连词置于句首时。
①Not only did we lose all our money,but also we came close to losing our lives.
我们不但把钱全丢了,还几乎丢了命。
②So hard does he study that he often forgets food and sleep.
他学习如此努力,常常是废寝忘食。
③No sooner had I gone out than a friend of mine came to see me.
我刚出去,就有一位朋友来看我;


(5)在as引导的让步状语从句中(名词/形容词/副词/动词+as+主谓结构)。
①Child as he is, he knows more than you.虽  然他是孩子,但他懂的比你多。
②Tired as he was, he continued the work.  虽然他累了,但他继续工作。
③Much as I like it, I will not buy it.  虽然我很喜欢这东西,但我不想买它。
④Try as they may, they will not succeed.   尽管他们很努力,但不会成功。

(6)虚拟语气的条件状语从句省去 if时,须将were,had,should提到句首构成倒装句。
①Were I in school again, I would work harder.  如果我重新回到学校,我会加倍努力学习。
②Had you not helped me, I wouldn’t have succeeded.  若不是你帮我,我不会成功。
③Should it rain tomorrow, the crops would be saved.   如果明天下雨,庄稼会得救的。 .


(7)频度副词often, always, once, now and then, every other day, many a time等放在句首时。
①Often did we go for walks together after supper at that time.  那时,我们晚饭后常一块儿散步。
②Every other day did he go to the hospital to see his father.  每隔一天他就去医院看望他父亲。

(8)为了使句子保持平衡,为了强调表语或为了使上下文紧密衔接时,常使用倒装语序。
①Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people were looked down upon. 中国人被瞧不起的日子一去不复返了。
②Also present will be a person who thinks up an idea for an advertisement.  出席会议的还有广告的策划者。

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