细节题和推理题的解题技巧-新东方高考英语阅读突破

细节题和推理题的解题技巧-新东方高考英语阅读突破

细节题的解题技巧:

可以分为明示细节题和暗示细节题两种

a) 明示细节题 1
就是在文中已经给出明确的描述,要求你去找出具体是哪个,或者哪个不是
(出题的形式为在选项中选择一个paraphrase,换句话说的形式,作为与原文对应的答案)
例 范101.How would you treat temporary loneliness according to the passage?(细)
A. Talk to friends        B. Just ignore it
C. Go to see a doctor       D. Ask your teachers for guidance
79.Which of the following statements is NOT true ? (细)
A.At her supervisor’s criticism , Martha lost her temper .
B.Mr. Petri felt Martha was not valued in her present job .
C.Martha’s interview with the director was on her lunch hour .
D.Martha got the name of the director through her cousin .

b) 暗示细节题 1/2
文中并没有完全,但是已经半正面的给出了描述或者选项中并非完全给出Paraphrase的备选项,而是仅截取一部分,需要自己根据文章和选项进行一定的分析,和推理题有一些相近,注意不要混淆
78.Martha is unhappy in her job because          . (细)
A.she has not advanced  B.the work in not significant
C.her supervisor is younger than she  D.there is too much work with little payment

推理题的解题技巧:

推理题就是文章已经告诉我们部分条件,但是并没有正面告诉我们具体会怎么样,需要我们根据逻辑情况,结合文章和选项做出推理
例81.What does Maria think of Martha’s decision ? (推)
A.Martha has handled the matter properly .
B.Martha shouldn’t have set the bridge on fire .
C.Martha should have found a new job before leaving .
D.Martha shouldn’t have lost her temper with her supervisor .

另外常见的推理题有这么三种类型:
递推型:(∵AB,BC,∴AC)
条件型:满足条件A就可以推断出发生了B
当然也会采用逆否命题的形式来发问,比如用一些until,till,unless
文章发展方向推断

例2004 上海卷D篇
89. What will the author probably discuss after the last paragraph?
A. More advantages of franchising.
B. Risks of investment besides franchising.
C. The standard of consumer acceptance.
D. Negative aspects related to franchising

三部曲解法:(按照顺序走下来定能找出答案)
首段首句或末句
末段首句
末段末句或末句后半部

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