高考英语流氓阅读法,阅读体系介绍-新东方高考英语阅读突破

高考英语流氓阅读法,阅读体系介绍-新东方高考英语阅读突破

先进的阅读体系→—流氓阅读法

阅读体系.jpg

篇章结构: 注重行文脉络、文章框架,段落之间的联系
段落结构: 注重段落层次划分,Topic sentence的把握
句子结构: 注重句子间的信息结构,逻辑关系
细节:  留心上下文中的举例补充说明,同位语,定语从句等帮助解释词汇

范文:(2000年D篇文章)

Most people feel lonely sometimes, but it usually only lasts between a few minutes and a few hours. This kind of loneliness is not serious. In fact, it is quite normal. For some people, though, loneliness can last for yeas. Now researchers say there are three different types of loneliness.

The first kind of loneliness is temporary(暂时的). This is the most common type. It usually disappears quickly and does not require any special attention. The second kind, situational loneliness, is a natural result of a particular situation-for example, family problem, the death of a loved one, or moving to a new place. Although this kind of loneliness can cause physical problems, such as headaches and sleeplessness, it usually does not last for more than a year.

The third kind of loneliness is the most severe. Unlike the second type, chronic(长期的)usually lasts more than two years and has no specific cause. People who experience habitual loneliness have problems socializing and becoming close to others. Unfortunately, many chronically lonely people think there is little or nothing they can do to improve their condition.

Psychologists agree that one important factor in loneliness is a person's social contacts, e.g. friends, family members, co-workers, etc. we depend on various people for different reasons. For instance, our families give us emotional support, our parents and teachers give us guidance, and our friends share similar interests and activities. However, psychologists have found that, though lonely people may have many social contacts, they sometimes feel they should have more. They question their popularity.

Psychologists are trying to find ways to help habitually lonely people for two reasons: they are unhappy and unable to socialize and there is a connection between chronic loneliness and serious illness such as heart disease. While temporary and situational loneliness can be normal, healthy part of life, chronic loneliness can be a very sad, and sometimes dangerous condition.

101.How would you treat temporary loneliness according to the passage?(细)
A. Talk to friends      B. Just ignore it
C. Go to see a doctor      D. Ask your teachers for guidance

102."It" in the last sentence of the second paragraph refers to _____.(词)
A. temporary loneliness  B. situational loneliness
C. a new place    D sleeplessness

103.The topic of the 4th paragraph is that____.(主)
A. one problem of loneliness is a person's social contacts
B. we depend on various person for different reasons
C. lonely people don't have many social problems
D. lonely people don't have many friends

104. Why do psychologists want to help chronically lonely people? (细)
A. Chronic loneliness can cause family problems
B. Chronic loneliness can cause serious illness
C. Chronic loneliness can not be overcome
D. A, B and C are all correct

105 What is the best title for the passage? (主)
A. Three Kinds of Loneliness
B. Loneliness and Diseases
C. Loneliness and Social Contacts
D. Chronic Loneliness