like可不止有喜欢的意思,这里有最全小学英语like用法归纳和练习

like可不止有喜欢的意思,这里有最全小学英语like用法归纳和练习

like一词具有多种词性和词义,以及多种用法。
比如like 有关的问题有以下:
What does he look like?
What does she like?
What would you like?
How is he?
What's she like?
What was it like?
看起来句子很简单,但是也很容易混淆
我们来分别看下like的各种用法

用作动词 意思为爱,爱好

既表示对人或者事物的真挚的感情,又表示"对某事有着浓厚的兴趣、爱好"。后面可以接名词、代词、动名词或者不定式。

1. like+名词/代词,意为"喜欢某人或某物"。
Eg:Tom likes fish
汤姆非常喜欢鱼。

2.like to do sth. 意为"喜欢做某事(偶尔的、一次性的具体的行为) "。
Eg:It is too hot, I like to swim today.
今天太热了,我想去游泳。
(只有今天想去,一次性的行为)

3.like doing sth. 意为"喜欢做某事(经常或习惯地) "。
Eg:It is too hot, I like swimming in summer.
天太热了,整个夏天我都喜欢去游泳。
(表示"经常性的动作",已经形成习惯)
He likes singing.
他喜欢唱歌。

4.like sb. to do sth.意为"喜欢某人做某事"。
Eg:Our English teacher likes us to ask questions.
我们的英语老师喜欢我们提问。

5.would like to do sth.
=want to do sth.意为" 想要做某事"。
Eg: I'd like to go shopping with you.
我想要和你一起去买东西。

like用作介词

be like/ look like+名词或代词作宾语,意为"像……;跟……一样"。
Eg:The baby is like his mother.
(= The baby looks like his mother.)
这个小婴儿长得像他妈妈。

like常用句型

1. What is...like? ......怎么样?
Eg:- What is the weather like today?
- It is sunny.
-今天的天气怎么样?
-今天是晴天。

2. How do you like...?
=What do you think of...?
你认为……怎么样?
Eg:-How do you like the film?
=What do you think of the film?
你认为这部电影怎么样?
-It's very interesting.很有趣。

3. What does....look like?询问某人的长相
Eg:-What does your mother look like?
你妈妈长什么样子?
-She is tall with long hair.
她长得很高,有长头发

4. 询问某人的喜好
Eg:-What would you like?
你想要点什么?
-Tea, plseaser
茶,谢谢。

Exercise:
一、翻译
1. 你们想要去动物园吗?
_____ you _____ to go to the zoo?
2. 你觉得这本书怎么样?
_____ do you _____ this book?
3. 你喜欢这件毛衣的什么?我喜欢它的颜色。
— _____ _____ you _____ about this sweater?
— I like the color.
4. 你妈妈喜欢看电视吗?
Does your mother _____ _____ TV?

二、 给下列问题搭配合适的答句
问句
1. What does he look like?
2. What does she like?
3. What would you like?
4. How is he?
5. What's she like?
6. What was the game like?

答句
A. He's tall, dark and handsome.
B. Playing golf, reading and going to the cinema.
C. A steak, please.
D. He's doing well, thank you.
E. Very interesting, she has travelled all over the world.
F. Fantastic. They played for more than 3 hours.

参考答案:
一、
Would, like
How, like
what , do , like
like, watching

二、
1A,2B, 3C, 4D, 5E, 6F

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